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FERNALD, Charles

FERNALD, Charles[1]

Male 1830 - 1892  (62 years)

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  • Name FERNALD, Charles 
    Born 28 May 1830  North Berwick, York, ME, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Occupation Between 1849 and 1853  Editorial at San Francisco Post & Alta Californian Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Arrival 14 Jun 1849  San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Arrival 1853  Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Public activity 14 Mar 1853  County Judge, Santa Barbara Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence 1870  Township 2, Santa Barbara, California Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Elected May 1882  Mayor, City of Santa Barbara Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Died 7 Jul 1892  Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Buried 9 Jul 1892  Santa Barbara Cemetery, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Notes 
    • Among that striking group of men who in the latter part of the
      nineteenth century bore the burden of government and contributed in a
      very large measure to the material, political, civic and moral development
      of Santa Barbara county, Charles Fernald was a. prominent and
      influential figure. For nearly forty years he was a resident of Santa
      Barbara and during practically all of that period was actively and effectively
      interested in the public affairs of this locality, his alert and
      vigorous mentality, his fine public spirit and his sterling integrity giving
      him marked prestige throughout this section of the state.

      Mr. Fernald was born at Berwick, Maine, on the 27th of May, 1830;
      and his death occurred at Santa Barbara on the 7th of July, 1892, in
      the sixty-third year of his age. He secured his education in the district
      schools of his native state, where he remained until 1849, when, at
      the age of nineteen years, he joined the stream of gold-seekers who
      were in that historic year crossing the plains to California. He arrived
      in San Francisco June 14, 1849, and was soon engaged in editorial
      work on the San Francisco Post and Alta Californian. He studied law
      and was admitted to the bar. In 1853 he came to Santa Barbara and
      on March 14 of that year was appointed county judge, to which position
      he was later elected, and reelected, his career on the bench being
      marked by an ability and fairness that stamped him as possessing a
      naturally judicial mind. In May, 1882, Judge Fernald was elected
      mayor of Santa Barbara, and later was appointed United States commissioner
      for the southern district of California, discharging his official
      duties with distinction and ability.

      Judge Fernald was the owner of extensive farm lands and was the
      first to experiment on a large scale in the growing of olives, to which
      he planted a large tract of land and in which he met with - eminent success. In everything relating to the progress and upbuilding of his
      community he took an active interest and was a leader in the promotion
      of many movements of inestimable benefit thereto. He was a life
      member of the Society of California Pioneers and was affiliated with
      the Sons of the American Revolution. Fraternally he was a member
      of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, and also belonged to the
      American Academy of Political and Social Science, of Philadelphia,
      Pennsylvania.

      On May 7, 1862, at North Berwick, Maine, Judge Fernald was united
      in marriage to Miss Hannah Hobbs. Noted as a citizen whose career,
      useful and honorable, conferred credit on his community, and whose
      marked abilities and sterling qualities won for him much more than
      local repute, Judge Fernald held distinctive precedence as one of the
      most progressive and successful men of his day in this locality. He was
      essentially a man of affairs, sound of judgment, keen in discernment,
      quick in decision, and his success was the legitimate fruitage of consecutive
      and well directed effort. He gave to the world the best of an
      essentially virile, loyal and noble nature and his standard of integrity
      and honor was inflexible. He was in the truest sense the architect of
      his own fortunes and upon his entire career there rests no blemish, for
      he was true to the highest ideals in business, professional, civic and
      social life.
    • From The Last Best Place:

      Arrived in Santa Barbara in 1852 for a visit to a friend, accepted job as Sheriff. Then served as County Judge; Mayor 1882; Commission of the 9th U.S. District Court; built the Fernald House on lower Santa Barbara Street (since moved to West Montecito Street); part owner of several local ranches; founding member of Santa Barbara College; funded first street railroad; founding member Chamber of Commerce; responsible for introduction of the Australian Eucalyptus to the region; and served on the Board of the Santa Barbara Cemetery Association. Storke, Yda, pg. 674 [8]
    • From a Memorial and Biographical History of the Counties of Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo and Ventura

      CHARLES FERNALD. — Conspicuous among the homes of the Channel City is that of the Hon. Charles Fernald, perhaps the most widely known as well as the oldest New England resident of Santa Barbara. An entire city block is devoted to the culture of fruit and forest trees, upon a slight elevation in the midst of which stands the dwelling. The exterior is a true indication of the hospitable home within, for the Judge and his family unite to the simplicity and character of social life in New England, the genial hospitality and grace of the sunny South.

      Judge Fernald traces his lineage to one of the oldest stocks of American progenitors, being a direct descendent from Dr. Renald Fernald, who came from England to New Hampshire with Captain John Mason's company, in 1631, and settled in Piscataqua in that year. The Doctor had the distinguished honor of being the first surgeon who settled in New Hampshire, where the family has continued for more than two centuries.

      In 1640 appears the name of Renald Fernald as one of the grantors of fifty acres of glebe lands settled by the government and inhabitants of the Piscataqua Rivers to the church wardens for the advancement of the cause of religion. The city of Portsmouth has since been built upon the site of this grant. With this city the name of Fernald has been deservedly connected to the present day.

      Dr. Renald Fernald and is brother Thomas Fernald, who came from England with him, became proprietors of the island, or the northeast shore of the Piscataqua River, and their descendants held the same for a century and a half, until John Fernald, Jr., of Middleton, New Hampshire, conveyed away the middle one, known as the " Lay Claim Island, " and also as Fernald's Island, which afterwards on June 15, 1806, passed into the ownership of the United States and is now tlie site of Fort Sullivan in the Portsmouth or Kittery navy yard.

      The Fernalds have ever been a brave and loyal race. In 1776 Mark and Gilbert Fernald appended their signatures to the solemn engagement, to oppose the hostile proceedings of the British fleets and armies against the United American Colonies, and Hercules, or Archelaus Fernald, as he was sometimes called, the grandfather of our present subject, then only twenty-seven years of age, and a resident of Kittery, York County, Maine, enlisted in the Continental army in the regiment of Colonel Francis, when he marched to the Heights of Dorchester near Boston and engaged in the defense of his country. He afterward did much other pa-triotic service.

      The subject of our present sketch. Judge Charles Fernald, was born at North Berwick, County of York, State of Maine, on May 27, 1830. After completing the preparatory studies for college under the tuition of Professor Harrison Carroll Hobart, at the age of eighteen he joined that band of hardy and brave youth sent forth by New England to California, arriving at San Francisco June 14, 1849, being one of the Argonauts to pass through the Golden Gate in that memorable year, — which honor the Judge still preserves by a life membership in the California Pioneers' Society. After a few months spent in the mines he returned to San Francisco in November 1849, and was engaged in editorial work and law reporting until May 1852, being upon the staff of the Morning Post and Alta, the two leading journals of that day. During the time of his residence in San Francisco, he pursued his law studies with steadfast ardor, although interrupted greatly by the fire of May 4, 1851, which blotted out the city and for a brief period checked business pursuits. On May 4, 1852, a conflagration again destroyed the growing city and swept away his entire library, which he had accumulated in the meantime. This second disaster seemed to have changed his determination to remain longer on this coast, and he resolved to return to Boston. Having many friends and acquaintances in Southern California, the Judge resolved to visit them on his way home, stopping at Santa Barbara and at Los Angeles, intending to take the Panama steamer at San Diego where it then touched. On June 30, 1852, he arrived at Santa Barbara, where he met his friends, Ed-ward Sherman Hoar and Augustus F. Hinehman, who were among the leading lawyers and citizens of what was then an old and respectable Spanish settlement.

      At this period the law-abiding citizens of Santa Barbara were carrying on a vigorous campaign against an organized set of bandits who, disregarding all laws, had so terrorized the peaceful residents that their lives were a daily burden. They had compelled the offi- cers of the law in the county to resign their trusts, and anarchy and terrorism ruled supreme. At a public meeting of the leading citizens of the town it was resolved to make a firm and determined effort to re-establish order, and they invited Judge Fernald, then a young man of twenty-two, to remain and assist in the good work, desiring him to accept the office of County Judge. He was not a man to decline a public duty thus imposed upon him, and finally consented to remain. Upon the application of the leading citizens of Santa Barbara, Governor John Bigler, on March 14, 1853, appointed him Judge of Santa Barbara County. To this place he was elected September 5, 1853, and re-elected in 1857. At these elections the Judge was the unanimous choice of the citizens of the county, only a few votes being cast against him. Among his first official acts was the appointment of Russel Heath to the office of district attorney, with a strong and efficient corps of county officers throughout to take the places of those who had resigned. To these the people gave loyal support and the county government was successfully reorganized, and so strictly and impartially were the laws enforced under the new regime that no public disorder or resistance to the laws was attempted for many years, notwithstanding many " bravos," outlaws and desperados were at large in some of the adjoining counties.

      On January 7, 1860, by a joint resolution of the Senate and Assembly, Judge Fernald was granted five months' leave of absence from the state, in order to transact some very important business and visit his old home in the East.

      The Judge spent six months in Massachusetts and in the East. On his return he was again elected County Judge, in 1861. In 1862 he again visited his old home in New England, and returned in October of that year accompanied with his bride, who was Miss H. H. Hobbs, of North Berwick, Maine, ever since and now the universally esteemed and honored wife who has so well aided in making an ideal home in Santa Barbara.

      In 1862 the Judge resigned his office on account of the inadequacy of the salary, and entered upon the active practice of his profession in Santa Barbara and throughout Southern California, where he has continued his practice with signal success up to the present time. He was admitted to the bar by the Supreme Court of this State on September 2, 1854, and the Circuit Court of the United States for the District of California, September 2, 1857, and to the Supreme Court of the United States at the October term, 1874. He was appointed Judge Advocate of the Fourth Division of the California Militia, April 26, 1854, by Governor John Bigler.

      Judge Fernald was almost unanimously elected Mayor of the city of Santa Barbara in May, 1882, and held the office for two years, to the great satisfaction of the citizens and honor to himself, declining to accept any salary, provided by city charter, for his services as such.

      For more than thirty years Judge Fernald has been identified with all the important litigation of this and adjoining counties, and throughout Southern California, and has numbered among his clients the most distinguished citizens as well as the largest non-resident land-owners; and during that long period has maintained his great reputa- tion in his profession for fidelity and signal ability. He is said never to have lost a land case.

      Nearly all the great land-owners, including John C. Jones, late of Boston, Massachu- setts; Colonel Thomas A. Scott, T Wallace More, Henry M. Newhall, Dr. Nicholas A. Den, Thomas B. Dibblee, Dr. J. B. Shaw, EUwood Cooper, Lazard Freres, the Pacific Coast Steamship Company, and the Southern Pacific Railway Company were numbered among his clients. He has never been identified in any way with any doubtful or questionable litigation, refusing retainers in in- equitable cases as well as declining criminal practice.

      He is strong physically and morally, alert, an acute observer, and possesses the great and natural advantage of a good memory of facts and occurrences at a trial, as well as tireless industry.

      His services to this city in finally settling the title to and fixing the boundaries of its municipal lands, as successor to the ancient Pueblo of Santa Barbara, by obtaining a patent therefor (four square leagues) from the United States Land Department, the first patent ever issued to a pueblo in this State, were of great value to this city and its inhab-itants.

      Fortune has smiled on the Judge's professional career, and bestowed upon his exertions ample pecuniary rewards. He is now an ex- tensive land-owner in Santa Barbara and its vicinity, and a stockholder in many of its leading corporations. The Fernald Block, in which his elegant offices are located, is a striking ornament on State Street, situated in the heart of its business center. He has ever been one of the foremost in all local enterprises for the improvement of the city, and he has contributed in no small degree to its business prosperity.

      There is perhaps no citizen of Santa Barbara more widely known and respected than Judge Fernald. He is deeply read in an- cient and modern history, in English, French and Italian literature, and familiar with the principles of the civil as well as the common law; also a close student of international law and the science of government.

      He has ever taken a deep interest in fruit culture and in forestry, being a life member of the American Forestry Association. The first experiment in planting, and in the culti va tion of the olive tree in Southern California, outside of the old missions, was made by him. As early as 1865-'66, and long prior to the greater and more successful experiment of Mr. Ellwood Cooper, he purchased the "Belmont property," about seventy-five acres of land, near the city of Santa Barbara, and planted it out in olives of the mission variety, for the purpose of establishing the fact that the soil and climate of Southern California was alike favorable for the produc- tion of olives for preserving and for making oil of the best quality. [9]
    Person ID I2586  Hugh Byrne and Nanette Asimov Lines
    Last Modified 12 Apr 2018 

    Father FERNALD, Oliver,   b. 25 Oct 1799, North Berwick, Maine Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Mar 1883, North Berwick, York, ME, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years) 
    Mother HEARD, Olive,   b. 24 Nov 1801, Berwick, Maine Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Mar 1831, North Berwick, Maine Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 29 years) 
    Married 8 Mar 1821  North Berwick, Maine Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    • Married by Nathaniel Lord
    Family ID F151  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family HOBBS, Hannah,   b. Jun 1842 
    Married 7 May 1862  North Berwick, York, ME, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [11
    Children 
     1. FERNALD, Beatrice
     2. FERNALD, Florence,   b. Apr 1870, California Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. FERNALD, Charles,   b. Jun 1872, California Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Mar 1956  (Age ~ 83 years)
     4. FERNALD, Reginald,   b. Jul 1880, California Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 2 May 2021 
    Family ID F944  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 28 May 1830 - North Berwick, York, ME, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Between 1849 and 1853 - Editorial at San Francisco Post & Alta Californian Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsArrival - 14 Jun 1849 - San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsArrival - 1853 - Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsPublic activity - 14 Mar 1853 - County Judge, Santa Barbara Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 7 May 1862 - North Berwick, York, ME, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1870 - Township 2, Santa Barbara, California Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsElected - May 1882 - Mayor, City of Santa Barbara Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 7 Jul 1892 - Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 9 Jul 1892 - Santa Barbara Cemetery, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    charles-fernald
    Charles-Fernald-1830-1892

    Albums
    Renald Fernald and Descendants
    Renald Fernald and Descendants (27)
    Renald Fernald of Portsmouth, NH and photos, documents related to his descendants.

  • Sources 
    1. [S10] 1870 United States Federal Census, Ancestry.com, (Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2003), Online publication - Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2003.Original data - 1870.
    2. United States. Ninth Census of the United States, 1870. Washington, D.C. National Archives and Records Administration. M593, RG29, 1,761 rolls.
    3. Minnesota. Minnesota Census Schedules for 1870. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. T132, RG29, 13 rolls. Township 2, Santa Barbara, California, pos.

    4. [S229] DAR California Pioneers, Unpublished records of the families of California pioneers / gathered by the various chapters from original sources, (California : State Committee of Genealogical Research, Daughters of the American Revolution, [1927- ]), Charles Fernald was born in North Berwick Maine, 28 May 1830. He was the grandson of Hercules Fernald who died in North Berwick in 1839, ae. almost 100 years, a soldier in the Revolutionary War under General Stark, at Bunker Hill, and at Saratoga., Line of Charles Fernald.

    5. [S253] History of Santa Barbara County California From its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Michael James Phillips, (1927 SJ Clarke Publishing, Chicago - San Francisco - Los Angeles), Mr. Fernald was born at Berwick, Maine, on the 27th of May, 1830;, and his death occurred at Santa Barbara on the 7th of July, 1892, in, the sixty-third year of his age., Biographies, P. 252.

    6. [S253] History of Santa Barbara County California From its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Michael James Phillips, (1927 SJ Clarke Publishing, Chicago - San Francisco - Los Angeles), He secured his education in the district, schools of his native state, where he remained until 1849, when, at, the age of nineteen years, he joined the stream of gold-seekers who, were in that historic year crossing the plains to California. He arrived.

    7. [S253] History of Santa Barbara County California From its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Michael James Phillips, (1927 SJ Clarke Publishing, Chicago - San Francisco - Los Angeles), In 1853 he came to Santa Barbara and, on March 14 of that year was appointed county judge, to which position, he was later elected, and reelected, his career on the bench being, marked by an ability and fairness that stamped him as possessing a, naturally judicial mind.

    8. [S253] History of Santa Barbara County California From its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Michael James Phillips, (1927 SJ Clarke Publishing, Chicago - San Francisco - Los Angeles), In May, 1882, Judge Fernald was elected, mayor of Santa Barbara, 252.

    9. [S237] Santa Barbara Cemetery, (Interments from 1860 to 2007), FERNALD Charles, M May 28, 1829 Jul 7, 1892 63 SB, CA, Jul 9, 1892, Summit Lot- 326- Grave- 05, http://www.cagenweb.com/santabarbara/sbcgs/Santa_Barbara_Cemetery/.

    10. [S538] The Best Last Place, David Petry.

    11. [S702] Yda Addis Storke, (Lewis Publishing Company, 1891).

    12. [S372] Maine Marriage Records, 1705-1922, Oliver Fernald, Olive Heard. Married by Nathaniel Lord, Mar 8, 1821.

    13. [S253] History of Santa Barbara County California From its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Michael James Phillips, (1927 SJ Clarke Publishing, Chicago - San Francisco - Los Angeles), On May 7, 1862, at North Berwick, Maine, Judge Fernald was united, in marriage to Miss Hannah Hobbs., 253.




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